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CITES

The EU Timber Regulation and timber and timber products covered by CITES

Timber and timber products of an endangered CITES-listed species may be imported only if the appropriate CITES permit/certificate has been obtained and presented for clearance at the port of entry. Timber and timber products of an endangered tree species with an appropriate CITES permit/certificate will be considered to have been legally harvested for the purposes of the EU Timber Regulation.

What is CITES?

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora (CITES) is an international agreement controlling trade in endangered species. The regulation of trade is based on a system of permits and certificates which may only be issued where certain conditions are met. These cover import, export, re-export and all commercial uses. 

The species covered by CITES are listed in three Appendices, according to the degree of protection they need.

  • Appendix I includes species threatened with extinction. Trade in specimens of these species is permitted only in exceptional circumstances.
  • Appendix II includes species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival.
  • Appendix III contains species that are protected in at least one country, which has asked other CITES Parties for assistance in controlling the trade. Changes to Appendix III follow a distinct procedure from changes to Appendices I and II, as each Party is entitled to make unilateral amendments to it.

In the European Union, the Convention is enforced by Council Regulation 338/97 and Commission Regulation 865/2006, which set out the rules for importing, exporting, re-exporting and commercial use of CITES species. The types of species which are controlled are listed in Annexes A to D of the Council Regulation.

The species that the legislation applies to are listed in four Annexes to the Council Regulation (A to D) as follows:

  • Annex A - all CITES Appendix I species, plus certain others (including some non-CITES species) that are considered to need a similar level of protection.
  • Annex B - all CITES Appendix II species, plus certain others (including some non-CITES species) that are considered to need a similar level of protection.
  • Annex C - all CITES Appendix III species, apart from those which EU countries have entered a reservation for and are included in annex D.  The effect of a reservation is that CITES no longer applies to the country entering it for the species concerned.  For example, all EU countries have entered a reservation for certain species of weasel listed in CITES Appendix III.  Within the EU those species have no CITES Appendix status but are still treated as Appendix III species outside of the EU.
  • Annex D - certain non-CITES species that have been imported into the EU in high enough numbers to need monitoring. 

Timber of species listed in Annex A, B or C to Regulation (EC) No 338/97 and which complies with that regulation and its implementing provisions shall be considered to have been legally harvested for the purposes of the EU Timber Regulation. Please find the endangered CITES listed tree species below.

Further details can be obtained from CITES Licensing Team (within Defra’s Animal Health agency) who issue import and export permits and other CITES certificates.

Endangered CITES listed tree species

Last updated as of February 2012. See this CITES page for details.

Species (Trade Name) Species (Latin Name) Usual country of origin
CITES Appendix I (annex A)

Guatemala fir Abies guatemalensis Central America, Mexico
Monkey Puzzle Araucaria araucana Argentina, Chile
Ayuque Balmea stormiae Central America, Mexico, Brazil
Brazilian rosewood, Bahia rosewood Dalbergia nigra Brazil
Alerce, Chilean false larch, Patagonian cypress Fitzroya cupressoides Argentina, Chile
Chilean cedar, Pilgerodendron Pilgerodendron uviferum Argentina, Chile
White pine, Palatore’s Podocarp Podocarpus parlatorei Argentina, Bolivia, Peru
CITES Appendix II (Annex B)
   
Ajo, Garlic tree Caryocar costaricense (#4) Columbia, Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela
Agarwood, aloeswood, eaglewood or gaharu Aquilaria spp. (#1) S. Asia, S.E. Asia
Ramin
Gonystylus spp (#1) S.E. Asia
Agarwood Gyrinops spp (#1)
S.E. Asia
Laurels, Brazilian rosewood Aniba rosaeodora (#2) Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Gyuana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela, French Guyana
Lignum Vitae Guaiacum spp. (#1), Buinesia sarmientol (#7) Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, West Indies, Colombia, Venezuela
Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
Gavilan Oreomunnea pterocarpa (#4) Central America, Mexico
Brazilwood Caesalpinia echinata (#3) Brazil
Afrormosia, African satinwood, African teak Pericopsis elata (#6) West Africa
Cristobal, Granadillo, Quira macawood Platymiscium pleiostachyum (#1) Costa Rica, Panama
Himalayan May-apple Podophyllum hexandrum (#2) Himalaya
African cherry, Blackwood, Red stinkwood, Red ivory Prunus africana (#4) Tropical Africa, Madagascar
Red sandalwood,
Saunderswood,
Algum, Almug
Pterocarpus santalinus (#8) India
Mexican mahogany, Honduras mahogany Swietenia humilis (#4) Central America
Big-Leaf mahogany Swietenia macrophylla (all populations in the Americas, #6) S. America
Caribbean mahogany Swietenia mahagoni (#5) Caribbean
Chinese yew Taxus chinensis (#2) S. Asia, China
Japanese yew Taxus cuspidate (#2) China, Japan, Korea, Russia Far East
Chinese yew Taxus fuana (#2) China
Chinese yew Taxus sumatrana (#2) Philippines and Indonesia
Himalayan yew Taxus wallichiana (#2) S. Asia
CITES Appendix III (Annex C)
   
Central American cedar, Spanish cedar Cedrela odorata (Listing countries: Plurinational State of Bolivia, Colombia, Guatemala and Peru, #5) Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Guatemala
Mahogany, Spanish cedar
Cedrela fissilis (Listing country: Plurinational State of Bolivia, #5) Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Mahogany, Spanish cedar Cedrela lilloi  (Listing country: Plurinational State of Bolivia, #5) Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru
Cocobolo, Palisander, Jacarandaholz, Nicaraguan rosewood, Caviuna, Granadilo Dalbergia retusa (Listing country Guatemala, #6, Panama, #2) Central America
Honduras rosewood Dalbergia stevensonii (Listing country: Guatemala, #6) Central and South America, Africa, Madagascar, Southern Asia
Almendro, eboe, tonka bean tree
Dipteryx panamensis  (Listing country: Costa Rica)
Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Nicaragua
Safan, Magnolia Magnolia liliifera var. obovata (Listing country : Nepal, #1) Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, Papua New Guinea
Black pine, Brown pine, yellow wood Podocarpus neriifolius (Listing country: Nepal, #1) China, Nepal
Tetracentron Tetracentron sinense (Listing country: Nepal, #1) Central and Western China, North Burma, Nepal
Korean Pine Pinus koraiensis (Listing country: Russian Federation, #5) Eastern Asia, Korea, Manchuria, Eastern Russia, Central Japan
Ebonies Diospyros spp. (#5)
Madagascar
Rosewood, Afromorsia, cristobal, sandalwood Dalbergia dariensensis (#2) Panama
Rosewood, Afromorsia, cristobal, sandalwood Dalbergia  louvelii (#5), Dalbergia monticola (#5) Dalbergia normandii (#5), Dalbergia purpurascens (#5), Dalbergia xerophila (#5) Madagascar

#1 All parts and derivatives, except a) seeds, spores and pollen; b) seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers; c) cut flowers or artificially propagated plants
#2 Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, plywood and essential oil (excluding finished products packaged and ready for retail trade).
#3 Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, including unfinished wood articles used for the fabrication of bows for stringed musical instruments
#4 All parts and derivatives except: a) seeds, spores and pollen; and b)seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers c) cut flowers of artificially propagated plants d) fruits, and parts and derivatives thereof, of naturalised or artificially propagated plants of genus Vanilla and of the family of Cactaceae e) stems, flowers, and parts and derivatives thereof, of naturalised or artificially propagated plants of the genera Opuntia subgenus Opuntia and Selenicereus f) finished products of Euphorbia antisyphilitica packaged and ready for retail trade
#5 Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets
#6 Logs, sawn wood and veneer sheets and plywood
#7 Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, plywood, powder and extracts
#8 Logs, wood-chips, powder and extracts

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