The EU Timber Regulation and timber and timber products covered by CITES
CITES Standard Permit/
CITES Standard Permit/
Timber and timber products of an endangered CITES-listed species may be imported only if the appropriate CITES permit/certificate has been obtained and presented for clearance at the port of entry. Timber and timber products of an endangered tree species with an appropriate CITES permit/certificate will be considered to have been legally harvested for the purposes of the EU Timber Regulation.
What is CITES?
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora (CITES) is an international agreement controlling trade in endangered species. The regulation of trade is based on a system of permits and certificates which may only be issued where certain conditions are met. These cover import, export, re-export and all commercial uses.
The species covered by CITES are listed in three Appendices, according to the degree of protection they need.
- Appendix I includes species threatened with extinction. Trade in specimens of these species is permitted only in exceptional circumstances.
- Appendix II includes species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival.
- Appendix III contains species that are protected in at least one country, which has asked other CITES Parties for assistance in controlling the trade. Changes to Appendix III follow a distinct procedure from changes to Appendices I and II, as each Party is entitled to make unilateral amendments to it.
In the European Union, the Convention is enforced by Council Regulation 338/97 and Commission Regulation 865/2006, which set out the rules for importing, exporting, re-exporting and commercial use of CITES species. The types of species which are controlled are listed in Annexes A to D of the Council Regulation.
The species that the legislation applies to are listed in four Annexes to the Council Regulation (A to D) as follows:
- Annex A - all CITES Appendix I species, plus certain others (including some non-CITES species) that are considered to need a similar level of protection.
- Annex B - all CITES Appendix II species, plus certain others (including some non-CITES species) that are considered to need a similar level of protection.
- Annex C - all CITES Appendix III species, apart from those which EU countries have entered a reservation for and are included in annex D. The effect of a reservation is that CITES no longer applies to the country entering it for the species concerned. For example, all EU countries have entered a reservation for certain species of weasel listed in CITES Appendix III. Within the EU those species have no CITES Appendix status but are still treated as Appendix III species outside of the EU.
- Annex D - certain non-CITES species that have been imported into the EU in high enough numbers to need monitoring.
Timber of species listed in Annex A, B or C to Regulation (EC) No 338/97 and which complies with that regulation and its implementing provisions shall be considered to have been legally harvested for the purposes of the EU Timber Regulation. Please find the endangered CITES listed tree species below.
Further details can be obtained from CITES Licensing Team (within Defra’s Animal Health agency) who issue import and export permits and other CITES certificates.
Endangered CITES listed tree species
Last updated as of February 2012. See this CITES page for details.
|Species (Trade Name)||Species (Latin Name)||Usual country of origin|
|CITES Appendix I (annex A)|
|Guatemala fir||Abies guatemalensis||Central America, Mexico|
|Monkey Puzzle||Araucaria araucana||Argentina, Chile|
|Ayuque||Balmea stormiae||Central America, Mexico, Brazil|
|Brazilian rosewood, Bahia rosewood||Dalbergia nigra||Brazil|
|Alerce, Chilean false larch, Patagonian cypress||Fitzroya cupressoides||Argentina, Chile|
|Chilean cedar, Pilgerodendron||Pilgerodendron uviferum||Argentina, Chile|
|White pine, Palatore’s Podocarp||Podocarpus parlatorei||Argentina, Bolivia, Peru|
|CITES Appendix II (Annex B)
|Ajo, Garlic tree||Caryocar costaricense (#4)||Columbia, Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela
|Agarwood, aloeswood, eaglewood or gaharu||Aquilaria spp. (#1)||S. Asia, S.E. Asia
||Gonystylus spp (#1)||S.E. Asia|
|Agarwood||Gyrinops spp (#1)
|Laurels, Brazilian rosewood||Aniba rosaeodora (#2)||Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Gyuana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela, French Guyana|
|Lignum Vitae||Guaiacum spp. (#1), Buinesia sarmientol (#7)||Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, West Indies, Colombia, Venezuela
Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
|Gavilan||Oreomunnea pterocarpa (#4)||Central America, Mexico|
|Brazilwood||Caesalpinia echinata (#3)||Brazil|
|Afrormosia, African satinwood, African teak||Pericopsis elata (#6)||West Africa|
|Cristobal, Granadillo, Quira macawood||Platymiscium pleiostachyum (#1)||Costa Rica, Panama|
|Himalayan May-apple||Podophyllum hexandrum (#2)||Himalaya|
|African cherry, Blackwood, Red stinkwood, Red ivory||Prunus africana (#4)||Tropical Africa, Madagascar|
|Pterocarpus santalinus (#8)||India
|Mexican mahogany, Honduras mahogany||Swietenia humilis (#4)||Central America|
|Big-Leaf mahogany||Swietenia macrophylla (all populations in the Americas, #6)||S. America|
|Caribbean mahogany||Swietenia mahagoni (#5)||Caribbean|
|Chinese yew||Taxus chinensis (#2)||S. Asia, China|
|Japanese yew||Taxus cuspidate (#2)||China, Japan, Korea, Russia Far East|
|Chinese yew||Taxus fuana (#2)||China|
|Chinese yew||Taxus sumatrana (#2)||Philippines and Indonesia|
|Himalayan yew||Taxus wallichiana (#2)||S. Asia|
|CITES Appendix III (Annex C)
|Central American cedar, Spanish cedar||Cedrela odorata (Listing countries: Plurinational State of Bolivia, Colombia, Guatemala and Peru, #5)||Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Guatemala|
|Mahogany, Spanish cedar
||Cedrela fissilis (Listing country: Plurinational State of Bolivia, #5)||Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela|
|Mahogany, Spanish cedar||Cedrela lilloi (Listing country: Plurinational State of Bolivia, #5)||Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru|
|Cocobolo, Palisander, Jacarandaholz, Nicaraguan rosewood, Caviuna, Granadilo||Dalbergia retusa (Listing country Guatemala, #6, Panama, #2)||Central America|
|Honduras rosewood||Dalbergia stevensonii (Listing country: Guatemala, #6)||Central and South America, Africa, Madagascar, Southern Asia|
|Almendro, eboe, tonka bean tree
||Dipteryx panamensis (Listing country: Costa Rica)
||Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Nicaragua|
|Safan, Magnolia||Magnolia liliifera var. obovata (Listing country : Nepal, #1)||Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, Papua New Guinea|
|Black pine, Brown pine, yellow wood||Podocarpus neriifolius (Listing country: Nepal, #1)||China, Nepal|
|Tetracentron||Tetracentron sinense (Listing country: Nepal, #1)||Central and Western China, North Burma, Nepal|
|Korean Pine||Pinus koraiensis (Listing country: Russian Federation, #5)||Eastern Asia, Korea, Manchuria, Eastern Russia, Central Japan
|Ebonies||Diospyros spp. (#5)
|Rosewood, Afromorsia, cristobal, sandalwood||Dalbergia dariensensis (#2)||Panama|
|Rosewood, Afromorsia, cristobal, sandalwood||Dalbergia louvelii (#5), Dalbergia monticola (#5) Dalbergia normandii (#5), Dalbergia purpurascens (#5), Dalbergia xerophila (#5)||Madagascar|
#1 All parts and derivatives, except a) seeds, spores and pollen; b) seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers; c) cut flowers or artificially propagated plants
#2 Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, plywood and essential oil (excluding finished products packaged and ready for retail trade).
#3 Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, including unfinished wood articles used for the fabrication of bows for stringed musical instruments
#4 All parts and derivatives except: a) seeds, spores and pollen; and b)seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers c) cut flowers of artificially propagated plants d) fruits, and parts and derivatives thereof, of naturalised or artificially propagated plants of genus Vanilla and of the family of Cactaceae e) stems, flowers, and parts and derivatives thereof, of naturalised or artificially propagated plants of the genera Opuntia subgenus Opuntia and Selenicereus f) finished products of Euphorbia antisyphilitica packaged and ready for retail trade
#5 Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets
#6 Logs, sawn wood and veneer sheets and plywood
#7 Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, plywood, powder and extracts
#8 Logs, wood-chips, powder and extracts